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Home ›   Astrology Blogs ›   know about necessary knowledge, significance, puja vidhi and history, before visiting kedarnath in 2022

know about necessary knowledge, significance, puja vidhi and history, before visiting kedarnath in 2022

My Jyotish Expert Updated 16 Feb 2022 05:31 PM IST
Kedarnath 2022
Kedarnath 2022 - Photo : google

Kedarnath Temple

  • Location - Garhwal Himalayan range,  Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand.
  • Deity- Kedarkhand (Lord Shiva)
  • Timings for Darshan- 4.00 AM to 9.00 PM (break between 03:00 pm to 05:00 pm.)

Timings for Aarti:

  • Maha Abhishek- 4.00AM
  • Shyan aarti - 7.00 PM
  • Nearest airport- Dehradun
  • Nearest Rail StationRishikesh

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The temple is situated at the Garhwal Himalayan range near the Mandakini river, in , Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand.Due to extreme weather conditions, the temple is open to the public only between the months of April (Akshaya Tritiya) and November (Kartik Purnima, the autumn full moon).  In the winters, the vigraha from Kedarnath temple is carried down to Ukhimath where the deity is worshiped for the next six months. It is an unwritten religious rite to visitLord Vishnu at the Badrinath Temple, after completing the pilgrimage of Lord Shiva's darshan at the PanchKedar Temples. The temple is not accessible by road and can be reached by a 22 kilometres uphill trek from Gaurikund.Pony and manchan service is available. This temple is one of the four major sites in India's Chota Char Dhamand is the first of the PanchKedar pilgrimage sites.Kedarknath is also mentioned in Tevaram, a sacred Tamil Shaivite text. In the 2013 flash flood affected the kedarnath area.
Legend
 A legend about PanchKedar relates to the Pandavas. After the Pandavas defeated the Kauravas to atone their sins of committing gotra hatya and Brāhmanahatya during war. They handed their kingdoms to kins and went seek Lord Shiva. First, they went to the holy city of kashi, known as the favourite city of Shiva. However, Shiva was deeply upset with the deaths and dishonesty of the Kurukshetra war therefore decided to be insensitive to Pandavas' prayers.  He took the form of Nandi and hid in the Garhwal region.Upon not finding shiva in kashi,the Pandavas went to Garhwal Himalayas.Bhima, spotted a bull grazing near Guptakashi. He caught hold of the bull by its tail and hind legs.The bull-formed Shiva disappeared into the land and later reappear in parts, with the hump rose in Kedarnath, the arms appeared in Tungnath, the face appeared  at Rudranath, the nabhi (navel) and stomach surfaced Madhyamaheshwar and the hairs appeared in Kalpeshwar. The pandavas built five temples at these places. After building the PanchKedar Temples, the Pandavas meditated at Kedarnath for salvation, performed yagna  and then through the heavenly path called the Mahapanth (also called Swargarohini) to attainheaven or salvation. The architecture of the Kedarnath, Tungnath and Madhyamaheshwar temples looking similar.The earliest references to Kedarnath occurs in the Skanda Purana, in the story of the origin of the Ganges river, explains the name Kedara (Kedarnath) as the place where Lord Shiva released the holy water from his matted hair.The philosopher Adi Shankara died at the mountains near Kedarnath. By the 12th century,it was mentioned in Kritya-kalpataru written by the Gahadavala minister Bhatta Lakshmidhara. The ancient Brahmins of this region, KedarnathTeerth Purohits, their ancestors (Rishi-Muni) have been worshiping the lingam since the time of Nara-Narayana.According to a tradition recorded by the English mountaineer Eric Shipton, many years ago, only one priest would hold services at both the Kedarnath and Badrinath temples, travelling between the two places daily.
 
The temple
The main lingam of Kedarnathis irregular in shape with a circumference of 3.6 m (12 ft) and a height of 3.6 m (12 ft). In front of the temple is a small hall with columns  and with images of Parvati and the five Pandava princes. Around Kedarnath itself there are five temples:Tungnath, Rudranath, Madhyamaheshwar and Kalpeshwar, which form the pilgrimage site of PanchKedar. In the first hall inside the Kedarnathtemple are statues of the five Pandava brothers, Krishna, Nandi, Shiva's guide, and Virabhadra, one of Shiva's guardians. Statues of Draupadi and other gods are also installed in the nave. A distinctive feature of the temple is the head of a man carved into a triangular stone lingam. Such heads are carved in another nearby temple built on the site of the wedding of Shiva and Parvati. It is believed that Adi Shankara resurrected this temple along with other temples in Badrinath and Uttarakhand. He is said to have obtained Mahasamadhi from Kedarnath. Behind the temple is the samadhi mandir of Adi Shankara.The chief priest (Rawal) of the KedarnathTemple in belongs to the Virashaiva community of Karnataka. However, unlike Badrinat Temple, Rawal Kedarnath Temple does not have a puja. Pujas is commanded by Raval's assistant under his direction.Ravalgoes to Ukhimat with the gods in winter. There are five high priests in the temple, and they take turns serving as high priests for a year. In 2013 Rawal of KedarnathTemple is Shri VagishaLingacharya. Shri VagishLingacharyain the village of Banuvalli Taluka Harihar,Davanagereregion, Karnataka. The triangular lingam is worshiped at the Garbagriha Temple. There are many Pandava symbols around Kedarnath. Raja Pandu died in Pandukeshwar. The tribes here dance a dance called "Pandabrila". The summit of the mountain where the Pandavasdeparted for Svarga is known as "Svargarohini" and is near Badrinath. Pandava's eldest brother, Eudicityra, was about to leave for heaven, but a finger fell to the ground. Here Yudhishthira installed a thumb-sized Shiva Linga. Lord Shiva and Bima fought with a mace to obtain Mashisharupa. Bhima was overwhelmed with regret. He started massaging Shiva's body with ghee. To commemorate this event, the triangular Shiva lingam is still massaged in ghee today.
 
Pooja performed
The chief priest of theKedarnathTemple, known as Rawal, belongs to theVeerashaivacongregation in Karnataka. All rituals and ceremonies are performed by Pujaris of Kedarnath according to Rawal's instructions. Believers can hold a special puja at the Kedarnath Temple (also online). Some bureaus require the presence of believers, some bureaus can be booked online and do not require the physical presence of believers.
Apart from the partnership with Shiva, Kedarnath is also believed to be the site of Samadi (achievement of the blissful afterlife) of ShankaraCharya.
Timing of Aarti at Kedarnath: The daily Pooja ritual at Kedarnath Temple begins around 4 am early in the morning at Maha Abhishek and ends at Shyan Aarti around 7 pm. The temple is open to the public at 6am for Darshan and has an afternoon break between 3pm. Darshan's release timing at the Kedarnath Temple ends at 7pm.
 
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