Kumbh Mela, is a religious Hindu festival, celebrated four times over the course of 12 years. In Sanskrit language, the word Kumbh signifies ‘Pot’ and Mela signifies ‘Fair’ or ‘Gathering’. According to Hindu Mythology it is believed that the Devtas and the demons, agreed to work together to produce the nectar of immortality. They assembled on the shore of the milk ocean that produces a deadly poison, which was consumed by Lord Shiva. After many hurdles, Dhanwantari, appeared with the nectar of immortality in hands. The pot was entrusted onto four Gods, Brahaspati, Surya, Shani and Chandra by the Devtas in fear of the demons getting the pot. Which made the demons chase around the Devtas for days, for the pot. Which then led the drops of the immortality nectar to drop at the four sacred rivers namely- Haridwar on the river Ganga in the Uttarakhand, Ujjain on the Shipra river in Madhya Pradesh, Nashik on the Godavari river in Maharashtra and Prayagraj at the meeting of three rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati in the Uttar Pradesh respectively.
It is considered as the largest religious gathering around the world. Kumbh Mela, is unique due to its astrological significance, especially this year. As the sun would enter in Aries and Jupiter in Aquarius in 2021 instead of the next year i.e., 2022 making it more auspicious. The Kumbh Mela are of three types: the Purna Kumbh Mela, also known as full Kumbha which occurs every 12 years, the Ardh Kumbh Mela also known as half Kumbh which occurs approximately every 6 years between the other two Kumbh, i.e., Purna Kumbha Melas at Allahabad and Haridwar and the Maha Kumbh that takes place every Purna Kumbh Melas, that is every 144 years.
The dates of Kumbh are in accordance to the planetary positions. When the planet Brihaspati (Jupiter) enters the astrological sign Vrishabha (Taurus), it coincides with the Surya (Sun) and Chandra (Moon) being in Makara (Capricorn), these changes affect the water and air which results in a totally positive atmosphere. Different planets take different amount of time to complete one revolution around the sun. Jupiter completes this revolution in around eleven years and ten months (approximately twelve years), that indicates the fact that in every twelve years the Jupiter moves into the same position. This decides the occurrence of Purna (Full) Kumbha Mela which is held once in every twelve years. The position of Sun, Moon and the planet Jupiter in different astrological signs determine the site at which Kumbh will be held. The Kumbh Mela is held in Haridwar when the Sun enters the Aries and the Jupiter enters the Aquarius.
It is celebrated by devotees bathing in the four rivers respectively. It is believed, washing in holy water will free the devotees from the vicious cycle of birth and death, leading them towards a superior realm, i.e., “An eternal life free from sins”.
Apart from this Zodiac signs on whom there is Shani’s sadesati and Shani’s dhaiya should bath in the sacred rivers, as it will benefit them. Also, those who are suffering from Shani Dev’s inauspiciousness should bath in the holy water as well. As per predictions, zodiac signs, Gemini and Libra are suffering from Shani’s dhaiya while the zodiac signs, Sagittarius, Capricorn and Aquarius are suffering from Shani’s sadesati. It is also meant auspicious for those zodiac signs facing problems due to Rahu-Ketu to take a bath during Kumbh.
The bathing dates for Kumbh Mela 2021 are mentioned below:
April 12, 2021- Somvati Amamvasya Snan
April 14, 2021- Baisakhi Snan
April 21, 2021- Ram Navami Snan
April 27, 2021- Chaitra Purnima Snan