In Varanasi, there are so many Ghats but some of them are very famous, some Ghats are mainly for performing pujas & religious ceremonies while on the other hand there are Ghats which are mainly for cremation. It can be quite difficult for you to see all the 87 Ghats but instead of that, a good way is to get a view of these Ghats is on a boat. Let us look at some of the prominent Ghats of Varanasi.
- Dashashwamedh Ghat : This ghat is the most important and the most famous ghat, this is the auspicious & the busiest one According to mythology it is believed that Ashwamedh Yagna was performed by Lord Brahma as he sacrificed 10 horses for the ritual, That’s why the ghat is named as Dash meaning 10 and ashwa meaning horse (Dashashwamedh).
- Assi ghat The southernmost Assi ghat in Varanasi is Named after the Assi River. According to mythology, It is believed that after killing Shumbha-Nishumbha Goddess Durga, threw down her sword at the Assi stream, Here the River Ganga & Assi River meanders and meets with each other. This ghat is also described as “Saimbeda Tirtha” which means that one who dips in the Ganga here once in his lifetime will get the blessings of all the Hindu Tirthas, the ghat is also, famous for the morning Aarti known as the Subah-e-Banaras.
- Manikarnika Ghat : This ghat is the most important ghat which is mainly for the cremation in Varanasi. at the beginning of Satya Yug, Lord Vishnu prayed to Lord Shiva at Anand Vana, for a long time so that Lord Shiva does not destroy Kashi while he destroyed the world. Lord Shiva gave the boon of eternal peace to Kashi as he was pleased by the earnest request of Lord Vishnu.
- Raja Harishchandra ghat : This ghat is one of the oldest and auspicious ghats, it is believed that Raja Harishchandra, the honest king who only spoke truth served at the ghat as a ‘dom’ (the person who cremates the dead bodies), doms at the ghat are the keeper of the sacred fire that is never allowed to die down. Also, the first fire to light the funeral is taken from that eternal sacred fire. one can always see at least three or four pyres burning at the ghats all day and night.