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Home ›   Travel Blogs ›   Varanasi : City of temples

Varanasi : City of temples

Myjyotish Expert Updated 12 Apr 2021 02:45 PM IST
Travel - Photo : Myjyotish

Varanasi one of the holiest Hindu cities in the world. Where countless of pilgrims have ventured to bathe in a sacred waters of Ganges, the revered rivers which flow the country but are at their most celebrated here. It is said that a dip in the shallows is to wash away all the sins. Varanasi is the best city to visit in India because of the temples, ghaats and all ancient buildings present there.

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So, lets discuss all the temples and give you the virtual trip of Varanasi :


It is one of the most famous and beautiful temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is also known as golden temple of Lord Shiva. It is located in Vishwanath gali of Vanarasi, Uttar Pradesh in India. The temple stands on the western bank of the holy river Ganga. The main deity is known by the names Shri Vishwanath or Vishweshwara  literally meaning Lord of Universe. It is said that this temple is rebuilt several times. The latest structures stands here dates back to the 18th century. Besides its regilious significance, the temple is also architectural marvel. It is said that once Lord Shiva came in the dream of Rani Ahalya Bai Holkar of Indore. She being a devotee of Lord Shiva, got the current temple built in 1777.


It is a Hindu temple located in an Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is dedicated to kaal bhairav, the guardian deity of the city. The story behind Lord Kaal bhairav called Kotwal of the city is  Shivji blessed Kaal Bhairav that you will be called Kotwal of this city and in this way you will be worshiped for ages. The temple of Kaal Bhairav was established in the place where Kaal Bhairav resided due to Shiva's inspiration. It is believed in Kashi that it is mandatory for devotees to visit Kaal Bhairav after Baba Vishwanath.


Mrityunjay mahadev mandir of Lord Shiva is situated on the route of Daranagar to the Kaal Bhairav mandir. Just beside this temple there is a well  of much religious importance. The livelihood of all Brahmins goes through this temple. He told that it is known by the name of Mahadev that he has victory over death. For anyone who has a crisis of death or is afraid of death, by chanting Mahamrityunjaya in the temple premises, he gets freedom from the pain of death. The smaller shrines within the temple are said to be thousands of years old.


New Vishwanath mandir is also called Birla Mandir, because it is mainly funded by Birla family, was built as a replica of the old Kashi Vishwanath temple. During the Mughal period, temples with shikharas were prohibited until the late Mughal period. The first temple to be built by the Birla family is the Laxminarayan Temple in Delhi. Located at a prominent site, the temple was designed to be lofty and spacious, suitable for congregational worship or discourses.


Shri Tribhandeshwar Mahadev Mandir is one of the oldest temple in Varanasi, located near Bengal Tola Inter College and next to the famous weavers colony of Madanpura. It is said that, Tribhandeshwar Shiva Lingam increases by its normal length every year. Shri Tilbhandeshwar Mahadev Mandir was constructed in the 18th century. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is situated in Pandey Haveli, next to Bengali Tola Inter College (Bhelupur, Varanasi). ... It is also believed that Mata Sharda had spent some days in this temple.


 Constructed in the 19th century A.D by the King of NepalMaharajadhiraja Rana Bahadur Shah, the temple is a replica of the Pashupatinath Temple in Kathmandu. According to Gopalraj Aalok Vamsavali, the oldest ever chronicle in Nepal, this temple was built by Prachanda Deva, a Licchavi King, who according to the stone inscription erected by Jayadeva 11 in the courtyard of Pashupatinath in 753 AD, happened to be the ruler 39 generations before Manadeva (464-505AD).


Ratneshwar Mahadev Mandir is the leaning temple near the Manikarnika Ghat( the Burning Ghat ). A lower part of the temple remains submerged into the river at times making it impossible to perform worship and rituals. Ratneshwar Mahadev Mandir is also known as Kashi Karvat, in which Kashi is the ancient name of Varanasi and Karvat meaning is leaning in hindi. According to a popular legend, it was built by an unnamed servant of Raja Man Singh for his mother Ratna Bai about 500 years ago. After having built the temple, he proudly boasted that he paid his debt to his mother (Matru-rin).


The architecture  of Durga Mandir is of a Nagara style, which is typical of North India. The temple has rectangular water tank called Durga Kund (“kund” meaning a pond or a pool). The temple has multi-tiered spires and is stained red with ochre, representing the red colour of Goddess Durga. Durga Mandir was constructed in 18th century by Bengali Maharani- Rani Bhabani of Natore. ... Next to the temple, is a kund (pond) which was earlier connected to the river Ganges. It is believed that the existing icon of the goddess was not made by a man but appeared on its own in the temple.


Sankata Devi Mandir is situated near the Sindhia Ghat, there is an important temple of the "Goddess of Remedy", Devi Sankatha. Inside its premises there is a huge statue of a lion. There are also nine temples of nine planets near to this temple. This temple has great religious importance in Hinduism and is dedicated to the goddess Sankata Devi (Goddess of danger). The Mandir was constructed in 18th century by King of Baroda. It is believed that this is the only temple in India dedicated to Sankata Devi.


 Sankat Mochan Mandir is dedicated to Lord Hanuman. It is very popular with locals. It is the location for many yearly religious as well as cultural festivals. On 7 March 2006 one of the three explosions carried out by Islamic militants hit the temple, while the aarti, in which numerous worshippers and wedding attendees participated, was in progress.It is believed that this temple was established where Mahakavi Tulsidas had the dream of Hanuman for the first time. The Sankat Mochan Temple was founded by the poet Tulsidas. He was the author of Ramacharitmanas, the Awadhi version of the Ramayana composed by Valmiki.


 Annapurna Devi Mandir is located near the Kashi Vishwanath temple, there is a nice temple of Devi Annapurna, believed to be the "Goddess of Food". She is a form of Parvati. She is also known as Kashipuraadeeshwari ("Queen of Kasi"). Annapurna is the Goddess of the city of Kashi (Varanasi), where she is regarded as the queen of Varanasi alongside her consort Vishweshwar (Shiva), the King of Varanasi. In the temple, at noon every day, prasad (foods offered to the goddess) are distributed to the elderly and disabled.


 Temple dedicated to the goddess Lalita Gauri. Lalita Gauri Mandir (Hindi: ललिता गौरी मंदिर), also known as Lalita Mata Mandir, is one of the important and historic temples in the holy city of Varanasi. The Mandir was constructed in early 19th century. ... The temple was constructed between 1800–1804 by Rana Bahadur Shah.


Vishalakshi Temple is dedicated to Vishalakshi (means wide-eyed) or Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva. The daughter of Prajapati Daksha, Sati was married to the god Shiva against his wishes. Daksha organized a great yajna, but did not invite Sati and Shiva. ... Finally, the god Vishnu dismembered the body of Sati into 51 parts, each of which became a Shakti Pitha, temple to a form of the Goddess.


Bharat Mata Mandir ("Mother India Temple") is located on the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith campus in Varanasi, India. Instead of traditional statues of Gods and Goddesses, this temple has a huge map of undivided India carved in marble. This temple is dedicated to Mother India and claims to be the only one of its kind in the world. Bharat Mata Mandir was constructed in 1936 by freedom fighter Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi. The temple is built on the campus of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith.
So these are the temples you can visit and show your dedication and devotion towards god and goddess.we suggest you all to visit Varanasi at least once in a lifetime.
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