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Home ›   Astrology Blogs ›   Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Temple- The fourth century CE temple, home of Goddess Meenakshi

Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Temple- The fourth century CE temple, home of Goddess Meenakshi

My Jyotish Expert Updated 13 Jan 2022 05:53 PM IST
Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Temple
Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Temple - Photo : google
Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Temple- The fourth century CE temple, home of Goddess Meenakshi
Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Temple is a memorable Hindu sanctuary situated on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the sanctuary city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is committed to the goddess Meenakshi, a type of Parvati, and her partner, Sundareshwar, a type of Shiva. The sanctuary is at the focal point of the old sanctuary city of Madurai referenced in the Tamil Sangam writing, with the goddess sanctuary referenced in sixth century-CE texts. This sanctuary is one of the Paadal Petra Sthalam. The Paadal Petra sthalam are 275 sanctuaries of ruler Shiva that are respected in the stanzas of Tamil Saiva Nayanars of sixth ninth century CE.

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The west tower (gopuram) of the temple is the model based on which the Tamil Nadu State Emblem is designed.
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History
The town of Madurai is old and one referenced in Sangam period texts. These are dated to be from the first to fourth century CE. A few early Tamil texts call Madurai as Koodal, and these depict it as a capital and a sanctuary town where each road emanated from the sanctuary. Goddess Meenakshi is portrayed as the heavenly ruler, who alongside Shiva were the essential gods that the southern Tamil realms, for example, the Pandya line respected. The early texts infer that a sanctuary existed in Madurai by the mid sixth century. In archaic writing and engravings, it is once in a while alluded to as Kadambavanam (lit. "woods of Kadamba") or Velliambalam (lit. "silver lobby" where Shiva moved). It was depicted to be the sangam of researchers, or where researchers meet. It is referenced in the Tamil text Tiruvilayadalpuranam and the Sanskrit text Halasya Mahatmya. It is one of the places of worship of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams.
 
Early Tamil texts notice the sanctuary and its essential god by different appellations and names. Thirugnanasambandar, the well known Hindu holy person of Saiva theory for instance, referenced this sanctuary in the seventh century, and depicted the divinity as Aalavai Iraivan. The beginning of the sanctuary is referenced in these early Tamil texts, some in the provincial Puranam classification of writing. These spot the sanctuary in old occasions and incorporate a champion goddess, yet the subtleties fluctuate essentially and are conflicting with one another. A few connect to it divinities they call Alavai Iraivan and Alavai Annal, or on the other hand Angayar Kanni Ammai. A few connection its legend to different divinities, for example, Indra who announces the supremacy of the goddess, while some portray Hindu divine beings showing up before antiquated rulers or holy people encouraging well off traders to assemble this sanctuary in the distinction of a goddess. One legend depicts a childless lord and sovereign performing yajna for a child, they get a girl who acquires the realm, vanquishes the earth, meets Shiva at last, weds him, keeps on administering from Madurai, and the sanctuary memorializes those occasions. Rather than such conflicting ahistorical legends, researchers have endeavored to decide the historical backdrop of the sanctuary from engravings found in and outside Madurai, just as contrasting the records relating with South Indian administrations. These to a great extent post-date the twelfth century.
 
 Worship
The Meenakshi Amman sanctuary is a functioning place of Hindu love. Clerics play out the puja functions consistently and during celebrations. Volunteers and sanctuary staff additionally take part in day by day customs, for example, emblematically moving a symbol of Sundaresvara in a cart to Meenakshi's chamber consistently so they can be together, then, at that point, waking the two and returning Sundaresvara to his hallowed place each day. There are occasional ratha (chariot) parades where one of the metal duplicate symbol of the goddess is removed from the sanctuary in an intricate vehicle place of worship improved with vivid garments and blossoms, with volunteers getting the vehicle through the roads of Madurai and circumambulating the sanctuary complex on one of the concentric streets in the old city. This represents her legendary victories and her quality in the common existence of individuals.
 
The sanctuary makes some six memories pooja schedule regular, each containing four customs specifically abhisheka (sacrosanct shower), alangaram (beautification), neivethanam (food contributions) and deepa aradanai (light function) for both Meenakshi and Sundareswarar. The customs and celebrations are went with music with nadhaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument), recitation of the Vedas.
 
The Hindus by and large circumambulate the altars clockwise first prior to entering the sanctum for a darshana. Meenakshi is ordinarily visited before Sundareswarar by the travelers, she thought about the essential god of the complex. Like most Shakti sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu, the Fridays during the Tamil long stretches of Aadi (July–August) and Thai (January–February) are praised in the sanctuary by large number of aficionados. "Avani Moola Utsavam" is a 10-day celebration fundamentally committed to Sundareswarar depicts his different Thiruvilayadal meaning Shiva's hallowed games.
 
Festivals
The Meenakshi sanctuary has a celebration in every long stretch of the Tamil schedule. A few celebrations draw in huge investment, with the Meenakshi wedding-related celebration drawing in north of 1,000,000 individuals more than 12 days. It is known as the "Meenakshi Thirukalyanam". The celebration is praised in the Chithirai month, which regularly falls about April. It denotes the heavenly marriage of Meenakshi, and is the most gone to celebration. The wedding of the heavenly couple is viewed as an exemplary occasion of south Indian marriage with matrilineal accentuation, a plan alluded as "Madurai marriage". This differentiations with the "Chidambaram marriage", with patrilineal accentuation, reflected by Shiva's predominance, custom and folklore at the Shiva sanctuary of Chidhambaram. The celebration incorporates a parade, where Meenakshi and Sundareshwara travel in a chariot pulled by volunteer lovers, and Vishnu offers his sister in union with Shiva. Meenakshi, the lady, is the imperial ruler. During the one-month time frame, there are various occasions including the "Ther Thiruvizhah" (chariot celebration) and "Theppa Thiruvizhah" (float celebration).
 
 
Different celebrations incorporate the Vasantham celebration is praised in Vaikasi month. The Unjal Festival in Aani, the Mulai-Kottu celebration in Aadi, the Aavani Moolam Aavani, the Kolattam celebrations of Ayppasi and Karthikai months, the Arudhra Dharsan celebration of Margali month, the Thai month utsavam that co-celebrated with the Mariyamman sanctuary in Madurai, the Masi utsavam and Vasamtham utsavam in Panguni.
 
In the Tamil month of Purattasi, the sanctuary praises the Navarathri celebration, otherwise called Dasara or Dussehra somewhere else. During this fall celebration, the sanctuary complex is illuminated around evening time with wreaths of lights and with brilliant presentations during the day. The mandapam corridors show legendary scenes from Hindu texts utilizing golu dolls. These showcases are especially famous with kids, and families visit the presentations on a huge scale.
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