Rameswaram is a sacred pilgrimage place for Hindus. It is located in Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu. This shrine is one of the four dhams of Hindus. Apart from this, the Shivalinga established here is considered to be one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. The belief of Kashi in the north of India is that of Rameshwaram in the south.
Rameswaram is about a four hundred miles southeast of Chennai. It is a beautiful conch shaped island surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Long ago
the island was connected with the mainland of India, but later the waves of the ocean cut off this joining link, which surrounded it with water and became an island. Here Lord Rama had built a bridge of stones before climbing Lanka, after which his army reached Lanka and got victory there. Later, Rama broke this bridge at a place called Dhanushkoti at the request of Vibhishan. Even today the remains of this 30-mile (8 km) long Adi-Setu are visible in the ocean.
It is believed that Lord Shri Ram worshiped Lord Shiva at this place while returning from Sri Lanka. Rameshwar Temple and Rameshwar Island were named after him.
It is believed that after killing Ravana, Lord Rama along with his wife Goddess Sita returned to India only after stepping on the banks of Rameswaram. Lord Rama wanted to worship Lord Shiva to eliminate the blame of killing a Brahmin. Since there was no temple in the island, So he sent Lord Hanuman to Mount Kailash to bring Shivalinga. When Hanuman did not reach the Shivalinga on time, Goddess Sita made the Shiva Linga by fistifying the sand of the sea and Lord Rama worshiped the same
Shivalinga. Later the Shivalinga brought by Hanuman was also established there.
After this in the 15th century, King Udaiyan Sethupathi and Vaishya resident of Nagur built Gopuram 78 feet high in 1450 AD.
Then in the sixteenth century the second wall of the temple to the south of the temple was built by Tirumalaya Sethupathi. The idol of Tirumalaya and his son sits at the entrance of the temple.
The Nandi pavilion was built by Udayan Sethupathi Kattateshwar, a subordinate king of King Vishwanath Nayaka of Madurai in the sixteenth century. It is believed that the present-day Rameswaram temple was built in the seventeenth century.
According to experts, Raja Kijhavan Sethupathi or Raghunath Killavan had ordered the construction of this temple. The Jaffna king of the Sethupati kingdom has been instrumental in the construction of the temple.
INTERESTING FACTS :-
- The length of this temple is 1000 feet, width 650 feet and the entrance of the temple is 40 meters high, so different and very beautiful artefacts are made on the pillar. This temple was constructed in the Dravida architectural style.
- There is also a belief about the Rameshwaram temple that by taking a dip in temple lake, all the diseases get away and get rid of all sins.
- It was believed that at this place Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura.
- There are also temples dedicated to many other deities in the Rameswaram temple and 22 are sources of holy water.
- In Hindu theologies and Puranas, the name of Rameshvam is called Gandhamadan Parvat.Lord Rama established the Navagraha here.
- The Ram setu bridge has started from here.
- The corridor of the Rameswaram Temple is the longest corridor in the world.