Observing a fast on Saturday is highly beneficial for people having their Saturn inauspiciously or malefic placed in their horoscope birth chart. Praying to Lord Shani will reduce the adversities and misfortunes of Saturday.
Saturday Fasting procedure-
The God of the planet Saturn is Lord Shani. People facing the Saturn Mahadasha must observe a fast on Saturday. Black sesame seeds, black clothes, oil, and urad must be used in the worship of Lord Shani as black is the colour for Saturn and Saturday. On this day, people observing the fast must wake up early in the morning, take bath and offer prayers to Lord Shani, avoid buying things made of oil or iron as it is believed to be the abode of Shani, consume a single meal throughout the day and serve wheat flour to ants. Reciting Shani Stotra on this day is also considered auspicious. After worshiping Lord Shani, listen to Saturday fast story (Shanivar Vrat Katha) and keep remembering him throughout the day. If you follow all these above-mentioned steps or rules then Lord Shani becomes very happy and will quickly remove all your troubles.
There are famous temples dedicated exclusively to Lord Shani like Shani Shingnapur in Maharashtra which are often visited by devotees.
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Mythological story behind Saturday fasting-
There arose a debate once, among the nine planets, as to who was the most powerful among them. They started fighting among themselves as a result they couldn’t arrive to any conclusion. So they took the issue to Lord Indra, king of Gods but even he was unable to solve the issue. Hence, he directed them to Vikramaditya, the wise king of Ujjain who was known for his fair judgements. Vikramaditya made nine thrones out of metals like gold, silver, bronze, copper, brass, tin, zinc, mica and iron and requested each of the planetary Gods to occupy one of them. While other planets rushed and occupied the thrones made of superior metals, Shani was left to occupy the unoccupied throne of iron. Then, the king gave the verdict that the power of the planet is in line with the standard of the throne he has occupied. Forced to occupy the throne of iron, the most ordinary of metals, Shani felt aggrieved at the decision of the king and decided to return the compliment to him. And serious troubles began for the king.
Just a few days later, Vikramaditya who went for hunting in the forest lost his way, was starved for food, strayed into some other territory, was caught and charged by the people as a thief, and had his hands and feet cut off, as a punishment. Still he managed to get a job as an oil seed crusher and was carrying on with his life stoically, with prayers and firm faith in God. This earned for him the mercy of Shani, who withdrew his curse. With the ending of the bad patch, Vikramaditya regained his limbs, married the princess of that land and returned to his kingdom to an emotional welcome by the people. Realizing the importance and power of Lord Shani, because of whose curse he had to suffer terribly for seven and half years, Vikramaditya began worshipping Shani and observing the Shanivar Vrat.
This story is a must-read on the day of fast. Also, whoever listen to this story of Lord Shani, all their sorrows go away.
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1. Recite Shani Beej Mantra for 108 times-
Om Praam Preem Proom Sah, Shanaischaraya Namah
2. Recite Maha Mritunjay mantra for 108 times-
Om Triyambakam Yajamahe, Sugandhim Pushti Vardhanam,
Urva Rukmiv Bandhanan, Mrityur Mokshiya Mamratat
3. Recite Hanuman Chalisa-
As Lord Shani doesn't trouble the devotees of Lord Hanuman, recitation of Hanuman Chalisa is also seen well.
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Jai Jai Shri Shani Dev Bhaktan Hitkari ।
Suraj Ke Putr Prabhu Chaya Mahtari ॥ Jai ॥
Shyaam Ank Vakra Drasht Chaturbhuja Dhaari ।
Nilaambar Dhaar Naath Gaj Ki Asavaari ॥ Jai ॥
Kirit Mukut Shish Rajit Dipat Hai Lilaari ।
Muktan Ki Maal Gale Shobhit Balihaari ॥ Jai ॥
Modak Mishtaan Paan Chadhat Hai Supaari ।
Lohaa Til Tel Udad Mahishi Ati Pyaari ॥
Dev Danuj Rishi Muni Surat Nar Naari ।
Vishvanaath Dharat Dhyaan Sharan Hai Tumhaari ॥ Jai ॥
जय जय श्री शनिदेव भक्तन हितकारी।
सूरज के पुत्र प्रभु छाया महतारी॥ जय.॥
श्याम अंक वक्र दृष्ट चतुर्भुजा धारी।
नीलाम्बर धार नाथ गज की असवारी॥ जय.॥
क्रीट मुकुट शीश रजित दिपत है लिलारी।
मुक्तन की माला गले शोभित बलिहारी॥ जय.॥
मोदक मिष्ठान पान चढ़त हैं सुपारी।
लोहा तिल तेल उड़द महिषी अति प्यारी॥ जय.॥
देव दनुज ऋषि मुनि सुमरिन नर नारी।
विश्वनाथ धरत ध्यान शरण हैं तुम्हारी ॥जय.