All Hindu festivals and fasts in India depend on the position of the Sun God. Therefore, Suryadev, the Sun God is a revered deity for Hinduism who is worshiped in the form of Bhanu Saptami. It is known by many names like Surya Saptami, Putra Saptami, Surya Ratha Saptami, Ratha Saptami and Arogya Saptami.
In the year 2022, the puja i.e., Surya Saptami, which we know as Bhanu Saptami, will be observed on the seventh day of Shukla Paksha of Magha month, on Surya Saptami, Sunday, 7 February 2022. In the mythological scriptures, the Sun God has been described as the Arogya Setu. That is, the main source of physical health is from the Sun God.
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Significance of Bhanu Saptami
According to religious mythological scriptures and beliefs, the Saptami coming on Sunday is called Bhanu Saptami. On this day Lord Surya first appeared in a chariot of seven horses. Sunday is the day of Lord Sun God and considering this day as the most superior, the Sun God is worshipped. According to the Hindu calendar, when Bhanu Saptami occurs in the month of Magha, it is called Achala Bhanu Saptami. It is from the energy of the Sun God that the new sprout of the entire creation arises. Sun God is the biggest source of energy. Worshiping it brings good luck. The importance of offering Ardhya to the Sun on Sundays is huge.
The Sun planet is superior to all the nine planets and being the largest, the Sun God is called the king of all planets. The sun is worshiped on the day of Bhanu Saptami only when the rays of fall on the earth and water is offered to it. Surya Dev maintains the universe. That is why worshiping Lord Surya is considered best for mankind. All these activities are done on the day of Bhanu Saptami. The Saptami of Shukla Paksha of Magha month will be celebrated as Surya Saptami.
Offering water to the Sun on Bhanu Saptami develops intellect and gives mental peace. Devotees who offer water to the Sun on this day become eligible for the special grace of the Sun God. Those on whom there is a malefic aspect of Mars or other planets, are also destroyed by the majesty of the Sun God.
Devotees observe fast on the day of Bhanu Saptami. The worshipers who observe the fast should first get up before the sunrise i.e., in the brahma muhurta and be physically clean. After filling pure water in a copper vessel, they must put red sandalwood, red flowers, rice, and some wheat grains in the pot and salute the Sun God while remembering it in the mind. If possible, for the worshipers, they should also recite Aditya Hriday Stotra. With folded hands in front of the Sun God, they must take the resolution of fasting. After offering Arghya to the Sun, food, clothes, or any useful item should be donated.
If green fodder is given to cows on this day, then special fruits are obtained. While breaking the fast, one must keep in mind that the food should not contain salty substances.
Benefits of fasting and worshiping Bhanu Saptami
According to Hindu scriptures, whenever water is offered to the Sun God or worship is offered, then the creature does not suffer any kind of disease, hatred etc. On the day of Bhanu Saptami 2022, every person should take a pledge to offer water, as described in the Dharma Shastra.
Especially it should be the duty of all beings to offer water to the Sun God in the morning. Because only by the grace of Sun God, we can make our body strong to adapt it according to nature.
By fasting and worshiping Bhanu Saptami i.e., remembering the Sun God makes a person healthy. By offering water to the Sun God daily, the intellect develops, and the intellect gets sharp, and the mind gets peace. Worshiping the Sun God develops memory power. Worship performed on the day of Bhanu Saptami gives more fruit. The deeds of virtuous deeds done by the people on this day are the causative agents of very good results. Feeding green fodder to the cow is said to be very best. Planetary defects are eliminated by worshiping the entire deity.
The human body is made up of five elements in which the body can carry out its action only when the energy is received by the sun. Physical pain can be overcome only by the grace of Sun God. Whenever the worshippers offer water to the Sun God and chant the given mantras, then they get peace of mind as well as power to get rid of sufferings. They are –
- Om Mitraya Namaha, Om Ravaye Namaha
- Om Suryaya Namaha. Om Bhanve Namaha
- Om Khagaay Namaha, Om Pushne Namaha
- Om Hiranyagarbhaya Namaha, Om Mariche Namaha
- Om Savitre Namaha, Om Arkaya Namaha
- Om Adinathaya Namaha, Om Bhaskarai Namaha
- Om Shri Savitasuryanarayana Namaha
At this time keep in mind that when water is offered to the Sun, then the eyes should be towards the Sun and the water falling from the vessel should be between the Sun and eyes which reaps great benefits. By doing this, the brain gets instant energy, and the mind gets peace. While offering water to the Sun, one must chant the above-mentioned mantras if possible and chanting of Gayatri Mantra is said to be the most superior.
Deep donation holds special importance, apart from this, Lord Surya should be worshiped with camphor, incense, red flowers etc. On this day, according to one’s ability, one can donate to the poor. While taking bath, place seven leaves of Badar tree and Arka plant on the head. After taking bath, mixing seven types of fruits, rice, sesame, durva, sandalwood etc. in water and giving water to the rising Lord Sun is best.