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Home ›   Astrology Blogs ›   Tirupati Balaji Temple: Know the History, Holiness and Architecture of the Temple

Tirupati Balaji Temple: Know the History, Holiness and Architecture of the Temple

MyJyotish Expert Updated 12 Jan 2022 11:25 AM IST
Tirupati Balaji Temple
Tirupati Balaji Temple - Photo : Times of India
Tirupati Balaji Temple, also known as the Venkateswara Temple or the Tirupati Temple, is located in the hilly town of Tirumala at Tirupati, in Andhra Pradesh, India. The temple is a Hindu Temple, and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu’s form Venkateswara. It is believed that Lord Venkateswara appeared at this place for saving humanity from the hardships and perils of the age of Kali Yuga. This is the reason people refer to the Lord here as Kaliyuga Pratyaksha Daivam. This temple is known across the country and around the world by various other names, which include Tirumala Temple. Srinivasana, Govinda, and Balaji, are some of the other names with which Lord Venkateswara is known. Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), which is under the Andhra Pradesh Government’s control, runs the temple and the revenue obtained from this temple is utilized by the government of Andhra Pradesh.

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The temple is located on the seventh peak of the Tirumala hills, Venkatadri, on Sri Swami Pushkarini’s southern banks, which is a water tank that is considered holy. Thus, the temple is also known by the name of “Temple of Seven Hills”. Dravidian style of architecture is primarily used for the construction of the temple and the construction is believed to have begun at the start of the 4th century CE. The Sanctum Sanctorum (Garbhagruha) of the temple is known as Ananda Nilayam and Venkateswara, the primary standing deity, is in a standing posture facing east. The tradition of Vaikhanasa Agama of worship is employed within the temple. This temple also happens to be a one of eight Vishnu Swayambhu Kshetras. The premises of the temple has two modern Queue complex buildings for the organization of the rush of pilgrims.
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This temple happens to be the richest temple on the planet, when overall wealth and donations received are considered. 50000 – 100000 pilgrims visit the temple daily, and this number rises up to around 500000 pilgrims a day, during special occasions and festivals like the annual Brahmotsavam. This act makes this temple the first most visited place of worship in the entire world. Around 27.3 million adherents visited the Tirupati Balaji temple in 2016 alone. This temple is also the most famous Vaishnavite temple in the world.

Pallava queen Samwai is believed to have made the first endowment to the temple, in 966 CE, donating many jewels and large lands. The revenue from these lands were to be used for celebrating major festivals and occasions in the temple, as per the queen’s wishes. However, the temple obtained much of its current wealth and glory under the Vijayanagara empire, due to massive donations of gold and diamonds. The king of the Vijayanagara Empire, Emperor Krishnadevaraya visited the temple many times, donating largely each time. One of these donations in 1517 allowed for the gilding of the inner shrine, Ananda Nilayam. After Vijayanagara Empire’s downfall, leaders and rulers from the Kingdom of Mysore and Gadwal Samsthanam continued donations and visits to the temple. 
During the 19th century, the British East India Company become responsible for the temple’s management, who accorded the temple a special status, whereby they were to avoid interference in the activities of the temple. After the East India Company’s management, the temple came under the control of the Mahants of Hathiramji Muth. After six generations under the Mahants, the temple came under TTD administration in 1933.

•    The temple contains around 700 inscriptions in various languages like Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu, and Tamil. 
•    The name Venkateswara is defined as the God who destroys and takes away our difficulties and sins.
•    The deity stands on a Lotus platform decorated with flowers, snake carvings, and four hands.
•    The idol originally did not have the Sudarshan Chakra and the Conch shell. The additions were made later.
•    Many preists and devotees have reported to feel the presence of a real, unknown entity when they happen to touch the idol while the Abhishekam is performed.
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